Many acute sports injuries, such as bruises, sprains, strains or muscle fiber cracks, can be treated conservatively, i.e. without surgery, by stress pause, physiotherapy, and functional therapy.
The most common sports injuries are:
- Sprains, Distortions.
- Strains in the area of the thigh muscles (adductors).
- Muscle fiber tears in the region of the thigh back (ischia crural musculature) and calf muscles.
Certain injuries, on the other hand, have to be given preferential treatment, particularly in the case of athletic active persons, in order to avoid imminent consequent injuries, such as premature joint wear (arthritis).
These include known injuries, such as the rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament, dislocation of the shoulder (shoulder dislocation), or the dislocation of the knee disc (patella dislocation).
Some injuries of muscles and tendons, which are generally rare, but typical of certain sports, are sometimes misinterpreted as harmless strains or muscle fiber tears. In case of inadequate diagnostics and delay in the operative therapy, severe injuries may result, which often signifies a premature end of the athletic career.
Sports injury and treatment is now available with highly experienced medical professionals in India.
Even in the case of sports-related chronic overloading problems and overload damage, many problems can be solved without surgery. Frequently a change of the technique (running technique), a change of the training habits or a change of the equipment (running shoe) is also sufficient.
Occasionally, a supportive physiotherapeutic treatment is needed to compensate for imbalances in the musculature one-sided stress. However, some complaints are also based on congenital or acquired auxiliary deficiencies and will lead to premature wear phenomena (arthrosis, Scheuer’s syndromes, irritation of tendon attachments), especially during the exercise.
In this case, correction operations can sometimes also be required.
- Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)
- Osteochondrosis dissecans
- Patellar tendon syndrome
- Piriformis syndrome
- Plica syndrome
- Shinbone Syndrome
- Front knee pain
All athletes, whether high-level athletes, experienced, amateur or even occasional athletes are confronted with this unpleasant ordeal: the injury. Injuries can take many forms and intervene punctually in the athlete’s life. By understanding their mechanisms, knowing what to do at the moment when they appear and knowing the protocol to follow, everything becomes easier to manage. Medtravels assists you in providing best doctors and therapists to take care of sports-related injuries
Common Sports Injuries
- MUSCLE INJURIES
They account for half of the injuries coming from the sports population.Two types of muscle lesions can be distinguished:- Muscular pathologies with anatomical lesions: correspond to a more or less advanced attack of the muscular tissue.– Muscular pathologies without anatomical lesion: correspond to pains due to an over-demand of the muscles.Treatment after diagnosis:
- Kinesitherapy: ultrasound, stretching, specific and progressive muscle building, electrostimulation
- THE SPRAINS
The sprains, or joint lesions, group together the more or less serious attacks of the elements that ensure the passive stability of the joint, mainly the ligaments.Sprains occur in abrupt movements where the amplitude exceeds the ability of the joints to move. Sprains can also be caused by trauma or dislocation.There are three stages of sprain:- Stage 1 / Benign sprain: Slight ligament elongation.- Stage 2 / Mean sprain: Partial ligament tear.
– Stage 3 / Severe sprain: Ligament Rupture.
The appearance of a more or less important edema accompanies the sprains. Swelling is swelling of an organ, tissue or, in this case, a joint in response to an abnormality. An edema is made of liquid (plasma), and should not be confused with the hematoma, which is a heap of blood following a hemorrhage.
Treatment after diagnosis:
- Anti-inflammatory in local application (Voltaren gel)
- Kinesitherapy: ultrasound, proprioception, specific and progressive joint reinforcement.
- Surgery in case of ligament rupture.
- THE TENDINITISTendonitis is an inflammation of the tendon. This inflammation can reach the body of the tendon or its insertion on the bone (enthesis).There are two types of tendinitis:- Post-traumatic tendinitis: inflammation of the tendon following a trauma, direct impact or fall.- Progressive tendonitis: inflammation following repeated microtrauma. Several causes cause tendinitis:
- Muscle overload, overtraining, overloads
- Material not adapted (racket too heavy, bad running shoes …)
- Abrupt change in training conditions (soil, terrain, equipment, climate, etc.)
- Lack of flexibility
- Natural wear of tendons
There are three stages of tendinitis:
– Stage 1: Pain occurs during or after exercise but does not prevent it. No sensation in everyday life.
– Stage 2: The pain is present at the beginning of the effort, then disappears hot, and reappears after the rest. The tendon is sensitive to palpation and to its insertions.
– Stage 3: The pain is almost permanent, even in everyday life, the practice of sport is impossible. The tendon is painful with a very sensitive point. Stretching is painful.
Treatment after diagnosis:
- Possible use of anti-inflammatories in local and oral applications.
- Kinesitherapy: ultrasound, MTP (deep transverse massage), shock waves, stretching, eccentric muscle building (Stanish protocol).
- Mesotherapy (injection of anti-inflammatory drugs directly into the tendon).
The tendon rupture corresponds to a rupture of a group of tendon fibers, it can be total or partial. It always occurs on a tired tendon and after a violent contraction. The surgery will reconstitute the broken tendon.
- BONE INJURIESThe bone contusions are due to a direct percussion between an external agent and a bone part of the body, which intervenes mainly during a fall or a blow in impact sports (boxing, karate, rugby …).In the sportsman, there are several types of bone lesions:- Crack: The bone is cracked but retains its structure.- Fatigue fracture: The bone cracks or breaks progressively due to repeated microtrauma.- Bone removal: During a trauma, a tendon or a ligament tear and carries with it a small piece of bone. The lesion is considered to be a serious sprain, which sometimes involves surgical repair.– Post-traumatic fracture: The bone is broken following a direct impact.
– The displaced fracture: The two parts of the broken bone have moved away from each other. The fracture is said to be unstable.
– The open fracture: The broken bone breaks through the skin, it is externalized.
Treatment after diagnosis:
- Immobilization of the area with a plaster, resin or splint (6 weeks for a fracture).
- Surgery in the case of open fractures and certain displaced fractures.
- Taking analgesics for pain.
- After removal of plaster: Kinesitherapy: stretching, muscle building, electrostimulation; To fight stiffness and muscle wasting.
Some fractures cannot be immobilized such as rib fracture, in which case a restful and painful rest period will be required.
Also Read: Knee Replacement Surgery in India
As part of your daily routine, understanding injuries will allow for faster care and less stress and worry.
Injuries are pretty common in physical sports activities. It is the respect of the basic protocol which will allow you to treat your injury effectively and thus to return quickly to your sporting activity.
The practice of sport leads us to injure ourselves and to go to medical practices far more than the sedentary ones, it is a fact.
India by far has been producing some of the finest doctors, surgeons, and therapists the world. We at Medtravels assists you in finding the best doctors and surgeons for your sport-related injuries. India has been a preferable place for any medical treatment owing to the availability of advanced resources at very cost-effective prices as compared to other advanced nations following the same practices.
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