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Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

An Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart also called Atria. This condition is often present at birth and is referred to as congenital. Small defects may never cause a problem and may be found incidentally. Chances are there that small Atrial Septal defects may close on their own during infancy or early childhood.

However, it is important to know that large and long-standing Atrial Septal defects can damage the heart and sometimes even lungs. An adult who has had an undetected Atrial Septal defect for decades may have a shortened life span from heart failure or high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs, a condition known as pulmonary hypertension.

Symptoms of an Atrial Septal Defect

  • Shortness of breath, especially when exercising
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen
  • Heart palpitations or skipped beats
  • Stroke
  • Heart murmur, a whooshing sound that can be heard through a stethoscope

 


 


More About Treatment

Types of an Atrial Septal Defect

  • Sinus Venosus: This rare defect usually occurs in the upper part of the atrial septum.
  • Secundum: This is the most common type of Atrial Septal Defect, and it occurs in the middle of the wall between the atria or atrial septum.
  • Primum: This defect occurs in the lower part of the atrial septum, and it often occurs with other congenital heart problems.
  • Coronary sinus: This is again a rare defect and part of the wall is found missing generally between the coronary sinus which is part of the vein system of the heart.


FAQ's

What Causes Artrial Septal Defect or ASD?

The cause is usually unknown. Genetic factors can sometimes play a role.

How does it affect the heart?

If the hole is large between the atria, a large amount of oxygen-rich blood leaks from the heart's left side to the right side which is pumped back to the lungs despite already having been refreshed with oxygen.

How does the ASD can affect you?

If the opening in ASD is small, it will not cause any symptoms because the additional work done by the heart and lungs is minimal. But in case the opening is large, it may cause mild shortness of breath, more so during the exercise and increase chances of acquiring a pneumonia and bronchitis.

How is ASD Diagnosed?

An atrial septal defect may be diagnosed during pregnancy or after the baby is born. In many cases, it may not be diagnosed until adulthood.

How is ASD Treated?

Treatment of an atrial septal defect mainly depends upon the age of patient, the severity of the case, size of the hole, and presence of any other co-related medical conditions.

What problems can Artrial Septal Defect cause if left untreated?

There may be various problems which may include Pulmonary hypertension or high blood pressure in the lungs, congestive heart failure or weakening of the heart muscle, atrial arrhythmias which are abnormal rhythms or beating of the heart and an increased risk of stroke. In most children, atrial septal defects cause no symptoms.

 


Range Of Treatment Cost

5500 - 6000 USD

Types of an Atrial Septal Defect

  • Sinus Venosus: This rare defect usually occurs in the upper part of the atrial septum.
  • Secundum: This is the most common type of Atrial Septal Defect, and it occurs in the middle of the wall between the atria or atrial septum.
  • Primum: This defect occurs in the lower part of the atrial septum, and it often occurs with other congenital heart problems.
  • Coronary sinus: This is again a rare defect and part of the wall is found missing generally between the coronary sinus which is part of the vein system of the heart.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Causes Artrial Septal Defect or ASD?

The cause is usually unknown. Genetic factors can sometimes play a role.

How does it affect the heart?

If the hole is large between the atria, a large amount of oxygen-rich blood leaks from the heart's left side to the right side which is pumped back to the lungs despite already having been refreshed with oxygen.

How does the ASD can affect you?

If the opening in ASD is small, it will not cause any symptoms because the additional work done by the heart and lungs is minimal. But in case the opening is large, it may cause mild shortness of breath, more so during the exercise and increase chances of acquiring a pneumonia and bronchitis.

How is ASD Diagnosed?

An atrial septal defect may be diagnosed during pregnancy or after the baby is born. In many cases, it may not be diagnosed until adulthood.

How is ASD Treated?

Treatment of an atrial septal defect mainly depends upon the age of patient, the severity of the case, size of the hole, and presence of any other co-related medical conditions.

What problems can Artrial Septal Defect cause if left untreated?

There may be various problems which may include Pulmonary hypertension or high blood pressure in the lungs, congestive heart failure or weakening of the heart muscle, atrial arrhythmias which are abnormal rhythms or beating of the heart and an increased risk of stroke. In most children, atrial septal defects cause no symptoms.

 

Range of Treatment Cost

5500 - 6000 USD

Top Hospitals

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
VS Hospitals Pvt. Ltd.

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

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Apollo Spectra Hospitals Koramangala

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Apollo Spectra Hospitals Karol Bagh

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Apollo Spectra Hospitals Kailash Colony

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

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RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital

RG was established in the year 1986 with its foundation in Mumbai. After mastering the technique of urinary stone management without surgery, RG  proudly introduced another revolutionizing technology – “100 watt Holm.....

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RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital

RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital has a built up area of 15000 sq. feet with centrally air conditioned facility with the bed capacity of 35 with 3 operation theatres. We have various room categories like deluxe, private, twin.....

Rating :

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Fortis C-Doc Hospital

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

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RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital, Pitampura

RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital has a built up area of 315 Sq. meters with the bed capacity of 51 (including 1 ICU) and 2 operation theatres. We have room categories like suite, deluxe rooms, twin-sharing AC rooms, general .....

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

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Holy Family Hospital

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

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Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Cytecare Cancer Hospitals

Cytecare is led by a team of professionals with over 100+ person-years of experience in leading healthcare and life sciences businesses globally, including Asia, Africa and in India. Recognising the significant gap in quality of cancer care and use of standard, evi.....

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Asian Clinic

Asian Clinic is your doorway to good health. With the backing of Asian Institute of Medical Sciences and inspired by the idea of bridging the gap between people and next generation medical facilities, Asian Clinic offers consistent and superior quality healthcare s.....

Top Doctors

DR MUKESH GOEL
DR MUKESH GOEL

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR NARESH TREHAN
Dr Naresh Trehan

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR AJAY KAUL
Dr Ajay Kaul

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR NIKHIL  KUMAR
Dr Nikhil Kumar

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR HEMANT  MADAN
Dr Hemant Madan

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR ASEEM R SRIVASTAVA
Dr Aseem R Srivastava

India

Specialty - Cardiology

Patient Stories

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Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)

An Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall between the upper chambers of the heart also called Atria. This condition is often present at birth and is referred to as congenital. Small defects may never cause a problem and may be found incidentally. Chances are there that small Atrial Septal defects may close on their own during infancy or early childhood.

However, it is important to know that large and long-standing Atrial Septal defects can damage the heart and sometimes even lungs. An adult who has had an undetected Atrial Septal defect for decades may have a shortened life span from heart failure or high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs, a condition known as pulmonary hypertension.

Symptoms of an Atrial Septal Defect

  • Shortness of breath, especially when exercising
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen
  • Heart palpitations or skipped beats
  • Stroke
  • Heart murmur, a whooshing sound that can be heard through a stethoscope

Types of an Atrial Septal Defect

  • Sinus Venosus: This rare defect usually occurs in the upper part of the atrial septum.
  • Secundum: This is the most common type of Atrial Septal Defect, and it occurs in the middle of the wall between the atria or atrial septum.
  • Primum: This defect occurs in the lower part of the atrial septum, and it often occurs with other congenital heart problems.
  • Coronary sinus: This is again a rare defect and part of the wall is found missing generally between the coronary sinus which is part of the vein system of the heart.

What Causes Artrial Septal Defect or ASD?

The cause is usually unknown. Genetic factors can sometimes play a role.

How does it affect the heart?

If the hole is large between the atria, a large amount of oxygen-rich blood leaks from the heart's left side to the right side which is pumped back to the lungs despite already having been refreshed with oxygen.

How does the ASD can affect you?

If the opening in ASD is small, it will not cause any symptoms because the additional work done by the heart and lungs is minimal. But in case the opening is large, it may cause mild shortness of breath, more so during the exercise and increase chances of acquiring a pneumonia and bronchitis.

How is ASD Diagnosed?

An atrial septal defect may be diagnosed during pregnancy or after the baby is born. In many cases, it may not be diagnosed until adulthood.

How is ASD Treated?

Treatment of an atrial septal defect mainly depends upon the age of patient, the severity of the case, size of the hole, and presence of any other co-related medical conditions.

What problems can Artrial Septal Defect cause if left untreated?

There may be various problems which may include Pulmonary hypertension or high blood pressure in the lungs, congestive heart failure or weakening of the heart muscle, atrial arrhythmias which are abnormal rhythms or beating of the heart and an increased risk of stroke. In most children, atrial septal defects cause no symptoms.

 

5500 - 6000 USD

Top Hospitals

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
VS Hospitals Pvt. Ltd.

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals MRC Nagar

With a capacity of 47 beds, this state-of-the-art specialty hospital is committed to bringing together the world-class medical services and world’s best healthcare management practices. The hospital offers superlative care in t.....

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Alwarpet

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Pune

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Chembur

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Tardeo

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Gwalior

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Jaipur

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Kanpur

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Koramangala

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Karol Bagh

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Apollo Spectra Hospitals Kailash Colony

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital

RG was established in the year 1986 with its foundation in Mumbai. After mastering the technique of urinary stone management without surgery, RG  proudly introduced another revolutionizing technology – “100 watt Holm.....

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital

RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital has a built up area of 15000 sq. feet with centrally air conditioned facility with the bed capacity of 35 with 3 operation theatres. We have various room categories like deluxe, private, twin.....

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Fortis C-Doc Hospital

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital, Pitampura

RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital has a built up area of 315 Sq. meters with the bed capacity of 51 (including 1 ICU) and 2 operation theatres. We have room categories like suite, deluxe rooms, twin-sharing AC rooms, general .....

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Holy Family Hospital

Hospital Profile Description Currently Not Available

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Cytecare Cancer Hospitals

Cytecare is led by a team of professionals with over 100+ person-years of experience in leading healthcare and life sciences businesses globally, including Asia, Africa and in India. Recognising the significant gap in quality of cancer care and use of standard, evi.....

Rating :

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Asian Clinic

Asian Clinic is your doorway to good health. With the backing of Asian Institute of Medical Sciences and inspired by the idea of bridging the gap between people and next generation medical facilities, Asian Clinic offers consistent and superior quality healthcare s.....

Top Doctors

DR MUKESH GOEL
DR MUKESH GOEL

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR NARESH TREHAN
Dr Naresh Trehan

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR AJAY KAUL
Dr Ajay Kaul

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR NIKHIL  KUMAR
Dr Nikhil Kumar

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR HEMANT  MADAN
Dr Hemant Madan

India

Specialty - Cardiology

DR ASEEM R SRIVASTAVA
Dr Aseem R Srivastava

India

Specialty - Cardiology

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