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A gastrectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion or all of the stomach. There are different types of gastrectomy surgery, depending on how much of the stomach and surrounding tissues are removed during surgery. The three main types are:
Why is gastrectomy performed
Gastrectomy is used to treat issues related to the stomach at a stage where medications have failed. Gastrectomy is recommended to treat:
Gastrectomy is also used to treat obesity. The goal is to make the stomach smaller so that the person eats less. Gastrectomy is performed as a last resort for treating obesity.
There are mainly two ways in which the surgery is carried out:
During the procedure, the required section of the stomach is cut away and then sewn back together. If the entire stomach is being removed, the surgeon connects the esophagus to the duodenum. If only a section of the stomach is being removed, the edges are sewn back together to create a smaller stomach.
Some of the risks involved while undergoing a gastrectomy procedure are:
During the hospital stay, you will have a nasogastric tube to remove the fluids produced by your stomach. Food will be fed through a veinal tube until normal food intake through the mouth can be resumed. Your gastrectomy surgeon will advise you on the lifestyle changes to be made after the surgery which may include:
Recovery from a gastrectomy procedure may be slow. Your stomach and small intestine will stretch gradually allowing you to have larger meals. Your doctor will recommend regular blood tests to ensure the body is getting enough nutrients.