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Hip Replacement Surgery In India

Also known as total hip arthroplasty, hip replacement surgery aims at removing damaged or worn out sections of the hip joint and replacing them with an artificial joint usually made of metal, ceramic or hard plastic. This artificial part known as prosthesis helps to reduce pain and improve the functioning of the hip joint.

Reasons for a hip replacement surgery

Hip replacement surgery is performed to treat pain and disability in the hip. Osteoarthritis is the primary cause for hip replacement surgery. Osteoarthritis causes degeneration of joint cartilage in the hip leading to persistent pain and difficulty in walking, sitting and bending. Rheumatoid arthritis or a hip injury may also lead to damage of the hip joint.

Your doctor may recommend a hip replacement when the pain in the hips:

  • Persists despite taking pain-relieving medications
  • Worsens with walking, even with the help of crutches or walker
  • Makes it difficult to stand after sitting for some time
  • Interferes with rest and sleep
  • Affects your ability to use stairs

Benefits from the surgery

Improved quality of life that comes from reduction in pain and better mobility is the main advantage of the surgery. Initial discomfort will be there post surgery which will go away gradually allowing you to return to normal daily routine.

During the procedure

The basic steps involved in a hip replacement procedure are

  • Your surgeon makes an incision over the front or side of your hip, through the layers of skin tissue.
  • He then removes diseased or damaged bone and cartilage, leaving the healthy bone intact.
  • The surgeon implants the prosthetic hip socket into the pelvic bone, thereby replacing the faulty socket. The round ball on the top of your femur or thigh bone is replaced with the prosthetic ball, which is then attached to a stem that fits into the thighbone.

Surgical techniques are evolving with time and surgeons continue to develop less invasive surgical techniques, which aims at reducing recovery time and other complications.

Possible risks of hip replacement surgery

Hip replacement is a major surgical procedure and the possible complications include:

  • Blood clots
  • Infection of the surgical wound
  • Dislocation or infection of the new joint
  • A difference in length of both legs
  • Damage of nerves
  • Persistent discomfort or pain post surgery
  • Loosening of joint

It’s very important to seek medical help immediately if you experience severe pain or swelling in the leg, chest pain or sudden breathlessness, post-surgery.

After Surgery

Prevention of blood clots after surgery- You will be asked to sit up and try walking slowly with a walker soon after surgery. Both during and after surgery, you may wear elastic compression stockings to keep blood from pooling in the leg veins. Your hip replacement surgeon may also prescribe blood-thinning medications. Above procedures are done to avoid the risk of blood clots.

Physical therapy- Exercise must be a regular part of your recovery plan so as to regain the use of your joint and muscles. Your physiotherapist will show how to do various strengthening and mobility exercises.

A check-up with your surgeon after 6 to 12 weeks of surgery is usually suggested to make sure your hip is healing properly. If recovery is progressing well, most people resume their normal daily activities by this time.


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