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Nephrology is a specialty of medicine that concerns with treatment about the kidneys: the investigation of typical kidney capacity and kidney sickness, the safeguarding of kidney wellbeing, and the treatment of kidney ailment, from eating regimen and medicine to renal substitution treatment (dialysis and kidney transplantation).
The kidneys are indispensable for life with their mind boggling system of veins and many-sided system of tubes and tubules that channel blood of its waste items and overabundance water.
The kidneys keep up the liquid, electrolyte, and corrosive base control that are altered by several disease conditions as well as drugs and toxins.
Nephrology additionally contemplates illness conditions that influence the kidneys, for example, diabetes and immune system disorder; and systemic diseases that occur as a result of kidney disease, such as renal osteodystrophy and hypertension. A physician who has undertaken additional training and become certified in nephrology is called a nephrologist.